Growing Pawpaw in Queensland: What to Know

Written By:
Scott Carroll
Published On:
October 16, 2023

In the sun-kissed landscapes of Queensland, the pawpaw tree stands as a testament to the state’s rich agricultural heritage. We’ve seen its popularity surge over the years as a backyard favourite and a staple in many Aussie kitchens. 

The sweet, tropical flavour of the pawpaw fruit has made it a beloved choice for smoothies, salads, and desserts. Beyond its taste, the pawpaw’s versatility extends to its use in natural skin treatments and its revered place in traditional remedies. 

As Queenslanders, we take pride in cultivating this gem, making it an integral part of our gardening and culinary culture. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a newbie looking to plant your first tree, understanding the nuances of growing pawpaw in our beautiful state is a journey worth embarking on.

Deep dive into pawpaw

The story of the pawpaw is as vibrant as its luscious fruit. Originally hailing from the tropical regions of Central America, this tree embarked on a journey, travelling across oceans and continents, before finding a home in the fertile soils of Queensland. Over time, we’ve embraced the pawpaw, making it an integral part of our gardens and orchards.

Now, a common point of confusion for many of us has been the distinction between pawpaw and papaya. While both terms are often used interchangeably in various parts of the world, there’s a subtle difference. However, it’s not just about names; the pawpaw fruit tends to be larger and has a distinct flavour profile compared to its papaya cousin.

As Queenslanders, we’re fortunate to have the ideal climate for cultivating this tropical delight. And understanding its rich history and nuances only deepens our appreciation for every fruit we harvest.

Why does Queensland’s climate suit pawpaw tree?

Queensland’s warm, subtropical climate offers the perfect environment for the pawpaw tree to thrive. The consistent warmth and the right amount of rainfall create an ideal setting for these trees to flourish.

You see, pawpaw trees are native to tropical regions, and they have a particular fondness for places that mirror their original habitat. Queensland’s long summers, mild winters, and regular rain showers mimic these conditions, ensuring the trees get the right amount of sun and moisture. This balance is crucial for the tree’s growth, fruit production, and overall health.

For those of us in Brisbane, the conditions are even more favourable. If you’re keen on understanding the specifics of planting in Brisbane’s unique climate, do check out our detailed planting guide for Brisbane. It offers a wealth of information to help seasoned gardeners and beginners make the most of our region’s climate.

In essence, Queensland’s climate is like a warm embrace for the pawpaw tree, providing everything it needs to produce those delicious fruits we all love.

When to plant pawpaw in Queensland

Planting pawpaw in Queensland requires understanding the region’s unique climate and the specific needs of the pawpaw tree. Here’s a month-by-month guide to help you determine the best times:

  • January: A warm month, suitable for planting most varieties of pawpaw. Ensure adequate watering.
  • February: Similar to January, but watch out for heavy rainfall, which can affect young plants.
  • March: As the last month of summer, it’s still a good time to plant, but prepare for the cooler months ahead.
  • April: The onset of autumn. Ensure the soil is well-draining to prevent root rot.
  • May: Cooler temperatures set in. Consider using mulch to retain soil warmth.
  • June: Winter begins. It’s best to hold off on planting until the warmer months unless you have a protected area.
  • July: The coldest month. It’s not ideal for planting.
  • August: As winter ends, you can start preparing your soil for spring planting.
  • September: Spring begins. A great time to plant most varieties.
  • October: Increasing temperatures make it ideal for planting. Ensure young plants are protected from hot afternoon sun.
  • November: As summer approaches, ensure your pawpaw trees are well-watered and protected from heat.
  • December: A good time to plant, but like November, ensure protection from the sun.

Different varieties might have slight variations in their planting needs, but this guide provides a general overview of Queensland’s climate.

How to grow pawpaw from seed in Queensland

Growing pawpaw from seed in Queensland is rewarding, given the region’s favourable climate for this tropical fruit. Starting from the very seed allows gardeners to witness the full life cycle of the pawpaw tree, ensuring a personal touch to their gardening journey. 

Let’s delve into the specifics of nurturing these seeds into thriving trees in Queensland.

1. Soil and site preparation

The foundation of a thriving pawpaw tree starts with the right soil and site. In Queensland, the soil should be rich in organic matter, ensuring it retains moisture while providing adequate drainage. 

In our experience, the ideal soil pH for pawpaw ranges between 6.0 to 6.5. If your garden soil is too acidic or alkaline, consider adding lime or sulphur to achieve the desired pH balance.

Organic matter plays a pivotal role in soil health. We’ve found that incorporating well-decomposed compost or manure enriches the soil and promotes beneficial microbial activity, essential for pawpaw growth.

As for the site, choose a spot that receives ample sunlight, preferably 6-8 hours a day. In Queensland, where the sun can be intense, a location that offers morning sun and afternoon shade can be ideal. This ensures the young pawpaw seedlings are protected from the harsh afternoon sun, reducing the risk of sunburn.

Remember, well-prepared soil and the right site can set the stage for your pawpaw seeds to grow into healthy, fruit-bearing trees.

2. Planting techniques for success

Planting pawpaw seeds requires patience, precision, and a touch of Queensland gardening spirit. Whether planting in a garden bed or a pot, the right technique can make all the difference.

When it comes to garden planting:

  • Step 1: Dig a hole about 2-3 times the seed size.
  • Step 2: Place the seed horizontally in the hole, ensuring it’s about 1 centimetre deep.
  • Step 3: Cover the seed gently with soil, pressing down lightly to ensure good soil contact.
  • Step 4: Water the area thoroughly, ensuring the soil is moist but not waterlogged.

Meanwhile, for pot planting, we recommend following these steps: 

  • Step 1: Choose a pot with good drainage, at least 30 centimetres in diameter.
  • Step 2: Fill the pot with a quality potting mix, leaving about 5 centimetres from the top.
  • Step 3: Plant the seed as you would in a garden bed, ensuring it’s 1 centimetre deep.
  • Step 4: Water the pot well, ensuring even moisture throughout.

For seed propagation, our mates at Yates recommend soaking the seeds in warm water for 24 hours before planting. This softens the seed coat and can enhance germination rates. Once soaked, seeds can be planted as described above.

As the seeds sprout, ensure they receive adequate sunlight and moisture. In a few months, with the right care, you’ll witness the magic of a tiny seed transforming into a robust pawpaw sapling, ready to grace your Queensland garden.

3. Companion planting

Companion planting is a time-honoured technique harnessing natural synergies between different plants. When it comes to pawpaw, certain plants can enhance its growth, repel pests, or even improve the soil around it. Here are some beneficial companions for pawpaw in your Queensland garden:

  • Marigolds: These vibrant flowers aren’t just pretty to look at. They’re known to repel nematodes, tiny pests that can harm pawpaw roots. Plus, their scent can deter other pests, offering a natural protective barrier for your pawpaw trees.
  • Basil: This aromatic herb can repel flies and mosquitoes, ensuring a pest-free environment for your pawpaw. Additionally, basil can attract beneficial insects like bees, which can aid in pollinating pawpaw flowers.
  • Beans: Beans are natural nitrogen fixers. They can enrich the soil by adding nitrogen, a nutrient essential for the healthy growth of pawpaw trees.
  • Potatoes: While not directly benefiting pawpaw, potatoes can act as a good ground cover, preventing soil erosion and retaining moisture. If you’re keen on growing potatoes alongside pawpaw, our detailed guide on growing potatoes in Brisbane can offer some valuable insights.
  • Nasturtiums: These flowering plants can act as a trap crop for aphids, drawing them away from your pawpaw. Additionally, their bright flowers can attract beneficial insects to your garden.

Remember, while companion planting offers numerous benefits, monitoring your garden regularly is essential. Ensure that all plants thrive and that there’s no competition for nutrients or space. With the right companions, your pawpaw trees can grow stronger healthier, and yield a bountiful harvest.

Nurturing your pawpaw tree

Nurturing a pawpaw tree in Queensland is akin to raising a child; it requires attention, care, and much love. Every step is crucial from the moment those first green shoots emerge to the day you pluck a ripe fruit from its branches. 

Let’s delve into the essentials of watering, fertilisation, and pruning to ensure your pawpaw tree thrives.

Watering technique 

Pawpaw trees love moisture, but they’re not fans of waterlogged roots. Here’s the trick: water deeply but infrequently. This ensures the roots get the hydration they need without the risk of rot.

  • Young trees: For the first few months, water every other day. As the tree establishes itself, reduce it to 2-3 times a week.
  • Mature trees: Once fully grown, watering once a week should suffice, but always check the soil moisture. During hot Queensland summers, you might need to water a bit more frequently.

Organic fertilisation options

A well-fed pawpaw tree is a happy one. Organic fertilisers release nutrients slowly, ensuring a steady supply for your tree. Here are some options:

  • Compost: Rich, well-decomposed compost can be mixed into the soil or used as a top layer.
  • Manure: Chicken or cow manure is excellent, but ensure it’s well-aged to prevent roots from burning.
  • Fish Emulsion: A liquid fertiliser that’s rich in nutrients. It’s especially beneficial during the flowering and fruiting stages.

We also recommend seaweed solutions, such as Seasol, to boost plant health and resilience.

Pruning methods

Pruning isn’t just about aesthetics; it’s about health and productivity.

  • Young Trees: In the early stages, prune to encourage a strong central leader (main trunk). This ensures a robust structure.
  • Mature trees: Remove any dead or diseased branches as the tree grows. Also, prune to maintain an open canopy, which allows sunlight to penetrate and air to circulate, reducing the risk of diseases.

In the end, nurturing your pawpaw tree is a labour of love. With the right care, you’ll be rewarded with a tree that looks great and provides delicious fruits for years to come.

Pawpaw fruit

Pest and disease management

Gardening is a balance of joys and challenges. While pawpaw trees bring much delight, they can also face threats from pests and diseases. Let’s identify these challenges and equip ourselves with solutions.

Here are some common pests and organic control methods:

  • Aphids: Tiny insects found on leaf undersides, sucking sap and weakening the plant. In terms of control, use beneficial insects like ladybugs and lacewings or a soapy water spray.
  • Fruit flies: They lay eggs in the fruit, causing spoilage. To control fruit flies, set up yellow sticky traps and maintain garden hygiene by removing fallen and spoiled fruits.
  • Mealybugs: White, cotton-like pests that suck sap and produce honeydew, leading to sooty mould. For control, we recommend applying neem oil or insecticidal soap sprays and introducing predatory insects like ladybugs.

Meanwhile, regarding diseases, here are some common names and some quick tips on how to handle them:

  • Black spot: Causes black spots on leaves and premature leaf drop. The solution is simply pruning for proper air circulation and using organic fungicidal sprays.
  • Root rot: Results from fungi in waterlogged soil, causing yellowing leaves and wilting. To fix this, enhance soil drainage, avoid overwatering, and consider organic fungicides for severe infections.
  • Powdery mildew: Presents as a white powdery substance on leaves, affecting photosynthesis. We find that neem oil or milk sprays are useful to treat mildew and ensure proper air circulation spacing. 

Early detection makes management easier, ensuring your pawpaw tree remains a source of joy and delicious fruits.

When to harvest pawpaw in Queensland

After months of nurturing, it’s a joy to see those pawpaw fruits hanging plump and ripe, ready to be plucked. But how do you know when the time is just right in Queensland?

The warmth and consistent climate in Queensland mean that pawpaw trees can bear fruit throughout the year. However, there are some telltale signs to ensure you’re picking them at their peak:

  • Colour change: One of the most obvious indicators. Their skin transitions from green to a more yellowish hue as pawpaws ripen. When you notice this shift, it’s a sign that the fruit is nearing its prime.
  • Softness: Gently press the fruit with your thumb. A ripe pawpaw will yield slightly under pressure, indicating it’s ready to be harvested.
  • Fragrance: A sweet, tropical aroma is a clear sign of a ripe pawpaw. If you catch a whiff of this scent near the tree, it’s time to get picking.
  • Shape: As pawpaws ripen, they become slightly more rounded, especially at the base.

While these are general guidelines, remember that each tree and its environment can have unique characteristics. It’s always a good idea to pick one fruit and taste it. If it’s sweet and succulent, chances are the others are ready.

Picking pawpaw

How to harvest pawpaw in 7 steps 

Harvesting pawpaw is a delightful task, especially when you know you’re about to enjoy the fruits of your labour (pun intended!). To ensure you get the best from your tree without causing any damage, follow these steps:

  1. Gather your tools: Equip yourself with a pair of pruning shears or scissors and a harvesting basket or container.
  2. Check for ripeness: Ensure the pawpaw is ripe before making any cuts. Look for the signs we discussed earlier: a colour change to a yellowish hue, a slight softness to the touch, and a sweet aroma.
  3. Support the fruit: Gently hold the pawpaw with one hand to prevent it from falling and getting bruised.
  4. Cut, don’t pull: Make a clean cut on the stem using your shears, leaving about an inch attached to the fruit. Avoid pulling or twisting the fruit off, as this can damage the fruit and the tree.
  5. Place gently in basket: Once cut, gently place the pawpaw in your basket or container. Avoid tossing or stacking them too high to prevent bruising.
  6. Inspect the tree: After harvesting, take a moment to inspect your pawpaw tree. Look for any signs of pests, diseases, or other issues. This proactive approach can help address any problems early on.
  7. Store or consume: If you’re not consuming the pawpaw immediately, store them in a cool, dry place. They can continue to ripen off the tree, so keep an eye on them to enjoy peak ripeness.

By following these steps, you ensure a successful harvest, treating the fruit and tree carefully. 


Growing pawpaw in Queensland has been, without a doubt, a journey of discovery, patience, and reward. From the very act of planting a tiny seed to the joy of harvesting a ripe fruit, each step has been a testament to the wonders of nature and the resilience of this tropical delight.

Looking ahead, the future of pawpaw in Queensland seems promising. With the region’s favourable climate and an increasing appreciation for homegrown, organic produce, pawpaw trees are set to become a staple in many Queensland gardens. But beyond just the joy of gardening, there’s a bigger picture to consider.

As we relish every bite of our homegrown pawpaw, let’s also take a moment to appreciate the journey and look forward to a greener, more sustainable future for Queensland and beyond!